It did not, however, name and shame the entities as it did last month when it named 18 forex abusers.
The central bank said the entities were found guilty of various breaches that included transfer pricing, use of fraudulent import documentation, failure to bank cash and conducting illegal foreign exchange transactions.
“Of the total of 39 entities, 27 have been fined to date and 12 have been issued with written warnings for aiding or abetting flouting of exchange control rules and regulations,” the central bank said in a statement.
“The punitive measures include prohibitions from participation in the foreign exchange auctions until the full payment of the fines imposed or permanent blacklisting from participation in the foreign exchange auctions, depending on the seriousness of the breach.”
The central bank has just published a list of 3 988 companies and small enterprises that have obtained foreign currency through the auction between June last year and June this year.
It allotted a total of us$1.5 billion with nearly 70% going to the productive sector.