Mugabe was annoyed at the way the British received Ian Smith


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Danish Minister for Development Cooperation Jan Trojborg told Western diplomats that President Robert Mugabe was annoyed by the British because of the way that they received former Rhodesian Prime Minister Ian Smith because he was not received that way.

Trojborg, who described Mugabe was a man without a plan, said the Zimbabwean president strongly distrusted the West.

He said, however, Mugabe had called on the West to advise the Movement for Democratic Change not to take to the streets to avoid bringing violence down upon itself.

 

Full cable:

 

Viewing cable 00HARARE6317, DANISH DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION MINISTER

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Reference ID

Created

Classification

Origin

00HARARE6317

2000-11-09 15:45

CONFIDENTIAL

Embassy Harare

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

 

091545Z Nov 00

 

 

CONFIDENTIAL     PTQ6928

 

PAGE 01       HARARE 06317 01 OF 03 091545Z

ACTION IO-00

 

INFO LOG-00   NP-00    AF-00   AGRE-00 AID-00   ACQ-00   CIAE-00

SMEC-00 COME-00 DODE-00 SRPP-00 DS-00   EB-00   EUR-00

VC-00   HHS-01   H-01     SSA-01   TEDE-00 INR-00   LAB-01

L-00     VCE-00   AC-01   DCP-01   NSAE-00 OES-01   OIC-02

OMB-01   PA-00   PM-00   PRS-00   ACE-00   P-00     SP-00

IRM-00   TRSE-00 USIE-00 R-00     PMB-00   DSCC-00 DRL-02

G-00     NFAT-00 SAS-00     /012W

——————9D198D 091546Z /38

FM AMEMBASSY HARARE

TO SECSTATE WASHDC 7601

INFO AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN

AMEMBASSY NAIROBI

NSC WASHDC

SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY

C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 03 HARARE 006317

 

SIPDIS

 

LONDON FOR GURNEY

 

PARIS FOR BISA WILLIAMS

 

NSC FOR SENIOR AFRICA DIRECTOR GAYLE SMITH

 

PASS USAID FOR A/AID – R. MCCALL, DAA/AER – VNEWTON,

AFR/SA – CPALMA

 

CONFIDENTIAL

 

PAGE 02       HARARE 06317 01 OF 03 091545Z

PASS USTR FOR ROSA WHITAKER

 

E.O. 12958: DECL: 11/08/2010

TAGS: PREL EAGR EAID ZI

SUBJECT: DANISH DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION MINISTER

DELIVERS TOUGH MESSAGES TO ZIMBABWE ON FAST TRACK LAND

EXERCISE

 

 

CLASSIFIED BY AMBASSADOR TOM MCDONALD FOR REASONS 1.5

(B) AND (D).

 

¶1. (C) SUMMARY: DANISH MINISTER FOR DEVELOPMENT

COOPERATION JAN TROJBORG TOLD WESTERN HEADS OF MISSION

NOVEMBER 8 THAT HE HAD COME TO ZIMBABWE TO SEARCH FOR A

SOLUTION TO THE COUNTRY’S CURRENT IMPASSE. HE VOICED

STRONG SUPPORT FOR THE UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT

PROGRAM’S (UNDP) EFFORTS TO REKINDLE DIALOGUE AMONG THE

DONORS, THE GOVERNMENT OF ZIMBABWE AND OTHER LOCAL

STAKEHOLDERS AND APPEALED FOR SIMILAR SUPPORT FROM THE

ASSEMBLED DIPLOMATS WHEN UNDP ADMINISTRATOR MARK

MALLOCH-BROWN VISITED LATER THIS MONTH. THE DANISH

MINISTER SAID THE MESSAGE HE BROUGHT FOR PRESIDENT

MUGABE (A “MAN WITHOUT A PLAN”) WAS TO STOP THE ILLEGAL

FARM INVASIONS IMMEDIATELY, MAKE SENSIBLE DESIGNATIONS

OF THOSE FARMS ALREADY ACQUIRED, RESPECT COURT ORDERS

AND RESTORE THE RULE OF LAW IN THE RURAL AREAS, AND

NEGOTIATE WITH THE UNITED NATIONS. THE PLAINSPOKEN DANE

ALSO TOLD FOREIGN MINISTER MUDENGE TO MOVE ON FROM HIS

OBSESSION WITH THE BRITISH. FURTHER, HE TOLD THE

FOREIGN MINISTER THAT THE ZIMBABWEAN GOVERNMENT’S

FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH A POTENTIAL SUPREME COURT RULING

CONFIDENTIAL

 

PAGE 03       HARARE 06317 01 OF 03 091545Z

AGAINST THE GOVERNMENT ON THE FAST TRACK LAND

RESETTLEMENT EXERCISE WOULD BE “UNACCEPTABLE” TO THE

INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY. HE FOUND THE MOVEMENT FOR

DEMOCRATIC CHANGE (MDC) PARLIAMENTARIANS IMPRESSIVE AND

SEIZED WITH PLANNING STRATEGY, BUT COUNSELED THEM THAT,

AS THE OPPOSITION, THEY MUST TAKE RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE

WELFARE OF THE COUNTRY AND AVOID EXPOSING THEIR

FOLLOWERS TO VIOLENCE. END SUMMARY.

 

¶2. (C) WRAPPING UP A BRIEF FOUR-DAY VISIT TO HARARE

TRIGGERED BY MEETINGS WITH UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT

PROGRAM (UNDP) ADMINISTRATOR MARK MALLOCH-BROWN AND

SOUTH AFRICAN PRESIDENT MBEKI, DANISH MINISTER FOR

DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION JAN TROJBORG TOLD WESTERN HEADS

OF MISSION NOVEMBER 8 IN HARARE THAT HE HAD COME TO

DISCUSS FINDING A SOLUTION TO ZIMBABWE’S CURRENT

IMPASSE. AFTER TALKS HE CONCLUDED THAT THE KEY WOULD BE

TO RESOLVE TWO PROBLEMS: THE LAND ISSUE AND WITHDRAWAL

OF TROOPS FROM THE CONGO. NAMING THE PROBLEMS WAS EASY,

BUT THE DEVIL WAS IN THE DETAIL, HE SAID. HIS

GOVERNMENT’S MESSAGE TO ZIMBABWEAN INTERLOCUTORS WAS:

STOP THE ILLEGAL FARM INVASIONS IMMEDIATELY, MAKE

SENSIBLE DESIGNATIONS OF THOSE FARMS ALREADY ACQUIRED,

RESPECT COURT ORDERS AND RESTORE THE RULE OF LAW IN THE

RURAL AREAS, AND NEGOTIATE WITH THE UNITED NATIONS. “IT

LOOKS LIKE WE ARE AT FIVE MINUTES TO TWELVE,” THE

MINISTER OBSERVED, “THIS IS THE LAST CHANCE FOR THE

COUNTRY TO AVOID COLLAPSE.”

 

¶3. (C) SPEAKING TO PRESIDENT MUGABE, THE DANISH

MINISTER URGED HIM TO FIND A SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEM

CONFIDENTIAL

 

PAGE 04       HARARE 06317 01 OF 03 091545Z

HERE AND IN THE CONGO. HE UNDERSTOOD THAT IT WAS

“COMPLICATED” TO WITHDRAW TROOPS FROM THE CONGO AND

URGED THE HEADS OF MISSION PRESENT TO HELP ZIMBABWE

WITHIN THE UN FRAMEWORK. TROJBORG SAID MUGABE REVIEWED

IN DETAIL THE HISTORY OF LANCASTER HOUSE, AND THE DANE

THEN ENDURED A TIRADE AGAINST THE BRITISH AND THE

CONSPIRACY THEY WERE LEADING AGAINST HIM. NEVERTHELESS,

THE VISITING MINISTER NOTED THAT THE RHETORIC WAS MILDER

THAN WHAT MUGABE HAD USED ON PREVIOUS OCCASIONS.

 

¶4. (C) TROJBORG CONTINUED THAT HE HAD TOLD PRESIDENT

MUGABE THAT THE DONORS HAD REACTED TO HIS POLICIES BY

CUTTING THEIR BILATERAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS. HE

CAUTIONED THE ZIMBABWEAN CHIEF EXECUTIVE THAT, WHILE HE

UNDERSTOOD POLITICALLY THE NEED TO LAUNCH A FAST TRACK

APPROACH, ACQUIRING ALL 5 MILLION HECTARES AT ONCE WAS A

SURE RECIPE FOR DISASTER. HE SAID THAT THE FAST TRACK

RESETTLEMENT EXERCISE NEEDED A PRECISE DEFINITION AND

NEEDED TO BE DONE SO AS NOT TO UNDERMINE THE COUNTRY’S

AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION. AT THE SAME TIME THE PROGRAM

SHOULD SETTLE REAL FARMERS, AND NOT WAR VETERANS OR

UNSKILLED PEASANTRY, ON THE FARMS. HE TOLD THE

ZIMBABWEAN PRESIDENT THAT IT WAS TIME TO SET PERCEPTIONS

FROM THE PAST ASIDE AND “LOOK FORWARD,” WORDS HE JUDGED

TO HAVE AN IMPACT ON THE ZIMBABWEAN PRESIDENT. HE NOTED

 

CONFIDENTIAL

 

CONFIDENTIAL     PTQ6932

 

PAGE 01       HARARE 06317 02 OF 03 091546Z

ACTION IO-00

 

INFO LOG-00   NP-00   AF-00   AGRE-00 AID-00   ACQ-00   CIAE-00

SMEC-00 COME-00 DODE-00 SRPP-00 DS-00   EB-00   EUR-00

VC-00   HHS-01   H-01     SSA-01   TEDE-00 INR-00   LAB-01

L-00     VCE-00   AC-01   DCP-01   NSAE-00 OES-01   OIC-02

OMB-01   PA-00   PM-00   PRS-00   ACE-00   P-00   SP-00

IRM-00   TRSE-00 USIE-00 R-00     PMB-00   DSCC-00 DRL-02

G-00     NFAT-00 SAS-00     /012W

——————9D19BA 091546Z /38

R 091545Z NOV 00

FM AMEMBASSY HARARE

TO SECSTATE WASHDC 7602

INFO AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN

AMEMBASSY NAIROBI

NSC WASHDC

SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY

 

C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 02 OF 03 HARARE 006317

 

SIPDIS

 

LONDON FOR GURNEY

 

PARIS FOR BISA WILLIAMS

 

NSC FOR SENIOR AFRICA DIRECTOR GAYLE SMITH

 

PASS USAID FOR A/AID – R. MCCALL, DAA/AER – VNEWTON,

AFR/SA – CPALMA

 

CONFIDENTIAL

 

PAGE 02       HARARE 06317 02 OF 03 091546Z

PASS USTR FOR ROSA WHITAKER

 

E.O. 12958: DECL: 11/08/2010

TAGS: PREL EAGR EAID ZI

SUBJECT: DANISH DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION MINISTER

DELIVERS TOUGH MESSAGES TO ZIMBABWE ON FAST TRACK LAND

EXERCISE

 

THAT MUGABE WOULD LIKE TO SEE THE UNDP ADMINISTRATOR,

WHEN THE LATTER CAME TO HARARE, AND WORK WITH HIM.

 

¶5. (C) THE YOUNGER ZIMBABWEAN MINISTERS, ON THE OTHER

HAND, UNDERSTOOD THE NEED FOR REFORM AND THAT THE LAND

ISSUE IS NOT ECONOMIC BUT POLITICAL. THE DANISH

POLITICIAN SAW CONSIDERABLE DISTANCE BETWEEN THE

POSITIONS OF THE YOUNGER AND THE OLDER MINISTERS.

FOREIGN MINISTER MUDENGE, SAID THAT THERE WERE 100

BETTER WAYS TO CONDUCT LAND REFORM, BUT THE COUNTRY

FOUND ITSELF IN A DIFFICULT SITUATION. WHEN TROJBORG

SUGGESTED IT WAS THE FAULT OF THE ZIMBABWEAN GOVERNMENT,

THE FOREIGN MINISTER FOBBED BLAME OFF ON THE BRITISH.

 

¶6. (C) THE DANISH MINISTER OBSERVED THERE WAS A “CLEAR

LACK OF QUALITY” TO THE CURRENT LAND REFORM AND

RESETTLEMENT EXERCISE. HE HOPED HOWEVER THAT THERE WAS

ROOM FOR MANEUVER IN IT, AND SAID HE WOULD ENCOURAGE HIS

EUROPEAN UNION COLLEAGUES TO VISIT ZIMBABWE AND SPEAK

CLEARLY AND ALONG THE LINES OF THE UNDP MISSION TO THE

GOVERNMENT OF ZIMBABWE.

 

¶7. (C) “I HAD AN INTERESTING CONVERSATION WITH THE

CONFIDENTIAL

 

PAGE 03       HARARE 06317 02 OF 03 091546Z

OPPOSITION,” HE STATED. HE FOUND MDC MEMBERS OF

PARLIAMENT WELSHMAN NCUBE AND PAUL NYATHI VERY

IMPRESSIVE, PARTICULARLY IN THEIR EFFORTS TO FIND A

STRATEGY TO INFLUENCE EVENTS, CERTAINLY MORE SO THAN THE

PRESIDENT. HE FOUND MUGABE TO BE “A MAN WITHOUT A

PLAN,” BUT IT WAS CLEAR THAT THE ZIMBABWEAN GOVERNMENT

COULD SET ONE UP QUICKLY IF THE PRESIDENT WOULD GIVE HIS

MINISTERS THE GREEN LIGHT TO DO SO. THE MDC WAS

UNCERTAIN WHETHER IT COULD HOLD MOMENTUM UNTIL ELECTION

OR WOULD TAKE TO THE STREETS, AND ONCE IT DID SO, IT WAS

UNCERTAIN IT COULD CONTROL THE SITUATION. “THE

GOVERNMENT IS DETERMINED NOT TO BE RUN OVER BY THE

PARLIAMENT OF THE STREET,” TROJBORG OBSERVED. THE MDC,

HE CONTINUED, WOULD ADHERE TO CONSTITUTIONAL MEANS, AND

THOUGHT THAT IT WOULD BE EASY TO WIN THE PRESIDENTIAL

ELECTION, AS IT WAS UNLIKELY THAT ANYTHING WOULD CHANGE

FOR THE POSITIVE VIS-A-VIS THE ECONOMY BEFORE THEN.

NEVERTHELESS, HAVING VOTED THE MDC INTO PARLIAMENT, THE

PEOPLE WERE EXPECTING RESULTS. THE DANISH MINISTER TOLD

THE MDC MEMBERS THAT EVEN AS MEMBERS OF THE OPPOSITION,

THE MDC HAD A RESPONSIBILITY TO ACT IN THE INTEREST OF

THE COUNTRY, A STATEMENT WITH WHICH THE PARLIAMENTARIANS

AGREED.

 

¶8. (C) FINALLY, TROJBORG SAID IT WOULD BE DIFFICULT FOR

HIM TO SUSTAIN CURRENT AID LEVELS TO ZIMBABWE IN THE

FACE OF PUBLIC OPINION OPPOSING IT. UNLESS THE

ZIMBABWEAN GOVERNMENT TOOK THE INITIATIVE TO CHANGE ITS

WAYS WITHIN SIX MONTHS, TROJBORG ANNOUNCED HE WOULD BE

FORCED TO REDUCE IT.

 

CONFIDENTIAL

 

PAGE 04       HARARE 06317 02 OF 03 091546Z

¶9. (C) A BRIEF QUESTION AND ANSWER SESSION FOLLOWED THE

MINISTER’S REMARKS.

 

— THE BELGIAN AMBASSADOR SAID SOME DONORS HAD

RESERVATIONS ABOUT THE CONCLUSION OF THE UN/UNDP

MISSION, NOTING THAT IT REQUIRED THEM TO PUT MONEY UP-

FRONT. IS THIS GOOD? “SHOULDN’T THERE BE DISCUSSION

FIRST?” SHE ASKED. TROJBORG THOUGHT THE TWO THINGS WENT

HAND IN HAND, AS THE PLAN REQUIRED TRUST. THE DANISH

GOVERNMENT THOUGHT THAT MANAGEMENT OF THE FUND SHOULD

REST IN INTERNATIONAL HANDS. COMMENT: USE OF A TRUST

FUND WHEN THE CONDITIONS ARE APPROPRIATE, BUT IT IS VERY

UNLIKELY THAT DONORS WILL CONTRIBUTE AT THIS POINT TO A

TRUST FUND THAT FINANCES THE GOZ FAST TRACK PROGRAM.

END COMMENT.

 

— THE GREEK AMBASSADOR ASKED WHAT THE FINANCE AND

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT MINISTER (SIMBA MAKONI) HAD SAID.

TROJBORG SAID HE HAD NOT MET WITH HIM YET, BUT NOTED

THAT IN PRAGUE THE ZIMBABWEAN MINISTER HAD SAID, “WE’LL

ALL BE DEAD IN THE SPRING, IF THERE IS NO SOLUTION [TO

ZIMBABWE’S ECONOMIC ILLS].”

 

— THE GERMAN AMBASSADOR ASKED WHETHER PRESIDENT MUGABE

HAD ANY REACTION TO THE MINISTER’S URGING TO RESPECT

 

CONFIDENTIAL

 

CONFIDENTIAL     PTQ6937

 

PAGE 01       HARARE 06317 03 OF 03 091546Z

ACTION IO-00

 

INFO LOG-00   NP-00   AF-00   AGRE-00 AID-00   ACQ-00  CIAE-00

SMEC-00 COME-00 DODE-00 SRPP-00 DS-00   EB-00   EUR-00

VC-00   HHS-01   H-01     SSA-01   TEDE-00 INR-00   LAB-01

L-00     VCE-00   AC-01   DCP-01   NSAE-00 OES-01   OIC-02

OMB-01   PA-00   PM-00   PRS-00 ACE-00   P-00     SP-00

IRM-00   TRSE-00 USIE-00 R-00     PMB-00   DSCC-00 DRL-02

G-00     NFAT-00 SAS-00     /012W

——————9D19D4 091547Z /38

R 091545Z NOV 00

FM AMEMBASSY HARARE

TO SECSTATE WASHDC 7603

INFO AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN

AMEMBASSY NAIROBI

NSC WASHDC

SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY

 

C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 03 OF 03 HARARE 006317

 

SIPDIS

 

LONDON FOR GURNEY

 

PARIS FOR BISA WILLIAMS

 

NSC FOR SENIOR AFRICA DIRECTOR GAYLE SMITH

 

PASS USAID FOR A/AID – R. MCCALL, DAA/AER – VNEWTON,

AFR/SA – CPALMA

 

CONFIDENTIAL

 

PAGE 02       HARARE 06317 03 OF 03 091546Z

PASS USTR FOR ROSA WHITAKER

 

E.O. 12958: DECL: 11/08/2010

TAGS: PREL EAGR EAID ZI

SUBJECT: DANISH DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION MINISTER

DELIVERS TOUGH MESSAGES TO ZIMBABWE ON FAST TRACK LAND

EXERCISE

 

COURT ORDERS. BECAUSE THE FAST-TRACK PROGRAM WAS BEFORE

THE SUPREME COURT THE GOVERNMENT HAD ATTACKED THE CHIEF

JUSTICE. TROJBORG SAID THE PRESIDENT DID NOT ADDRESS

THE ISSUE, BUT NOTED THAT HE RESPECTED THE RULE OF LAW.

THE FOREIGN MINISTER, ON THE OTHER HAND, ADMITTED THAT

IF THE COURT CASE GOES AGAINST THE GOVERNMENT, THE

LATTER WOULD NOT ACCEDE TO THE DECISION. THE DANISH

MINISTER SAID THAT WAS “UNACCEPTABLE.”

 

— THE DUTCH CHARGE D’AFFAIRES ASKED WHETHER PRESIDENT

MBEKI HAD BEEN CLEARER ON HIS STAND VIS-A-VIS THE LAND

QUESTION. TROJBORG RESPONDED THAT THE SOUTH AFRICAN

PRESIDENT NOTED THAT THE PROBLEM MUST BE APPROACHED FROM

ANOTHER ANGLE, AS THE PICTURE IN THE WEST WAS NOT CLEAR,

A FACT FOR WHICH THE MEDIA BORE THE BLAME. WHAT WAS

GOING ON IN ZIMBABWE WAS DEVASTATING FOR ITS ECONOMY AND

SOUTH AFRICA WOULD BEAR THE BRUNT OF ITS COLLAPSE.

MUGABE IS VERY EMOTIONAL AND IT IS DIFFICULT TO DISCUSS

THE PROBLEM WITH HIM, AND AS A RESULT HE GOES BACK TO

WHAT HE KNOWS BEST, FIGHTING ENEMIES, REAL OR IMAGINED.

MBEKI SEES THE SITUATION IN ZIMBABWE AS OUT OF CONTROL.

THE SOUTH AFRICAN PRESIDENT NOTED THAT HISTORICAL

TENSION BETWEEN HIS COUNTRY AND ZIMBABWE PRECLUDED HIS

CONFIDENTIAL

 

PAGE 03       HARARE 06317 03 OF 03 091546Z

SPEAKING FRANKLY WITH MUGABE.

 

— THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY REPRESENTATIVE ASKED IF A

MISSION FROM THE EU TROIKA MIGHT NOT BE APPROPRIATE TO

MAKE THE SAME POINTS. THE DANISH MINISTER RESPONDED

THAT THE “THE ONLY CARD WE HAVE IS THE UNDP ONE.” HE

DISCOURAGED SUCH AN INITIATIVE, AND NOTED THAT FOR

HIMSELF THE MEDIA IN DENMARK WAS CRITICIZING HIM FOR

COMING TO ZIMBABWE AND CONTINUING AN AID PROGRAM TO A

DICTATOR. HE AGAIN MADE A PITCH FOR ALL ASSEMBLED HEADS

OF MISSION TO SUPPORT THE MALLOCH-BROWN VISIT AND THE

MESSAGE HE MIGHT BRING, WHICH WOULD BE “NOT TOO SOFT,

BUT CONSTRUCTIVE.”

 

— THE BRITISH DEPUTY HIGH COMMISSIONER ASKED WHETHER

MUGABE WAS KEEN TO RE-ENGAGE THE DONOR COMMUNITY AND WAS

HE ACTUALLY LOOKING FOR A WAY OUT OF THE CURRENT

IMPASSE. THE DANISH MINISTER SAID THAT HE FOUND MUGABE

MORE ENGAGED THAN HE SURMISED WOULD BE THE CASE, AND HAD

SPENT A LOT OF TIME REFLECTING ON THE LAND ISSUE. HE

CONTINUES TO STRONGLY DISTRUST OF THE WEST, AND TO

NURTURE HIS OBSESSION WITH THE BRITISH. HE RAILED

AGAINST THE LATTER FOR “RECEIVING” IAN SMITH, CONVEYING

THE SENSE THAT HE, MUGABE, IS NOT RECEIVED THAT WAY. HE

CONTINUED THAT THE UNITED KINGDOM COULD PLAY A VERY

IMPORTANT ROLE IN RETURNING THE COUNTRY TO NORMALITY.

AT THE SAME TIME, MUGABE CALLED ON THE HEADS OF MISSION

TO ADVISE THE MDC NOT TO TAKE TO THE STREET AND AVOID

BRINGING VIOLENCE DOWN UPON ITSELF.

 

¶10. (C) COMMENT: PERHAPS BECAUSE WE AGREE WITH MOST

CONFIDENTIAL

 

PAGE 04       HARARE 06317 03 OF 03 091546Z

EVERYTHING TROJBORG SAID, WE FOUND HIS MESSAGE TO BE

JUST RIGHT AND, IN GENERAL, HIS MISSION TO BE USEFUL.

IN ITS WAKE, THE GOVERNMENT OF ZIMBABWE HAS NO EXCUSE TO

SAY THAT IT DOES NOT UNDERSTAND THE CONCERNS OF THE

DONOR COMMUNITY. IT ALSO RECEIVED GOOD ADVICE TO QUIT

PICKING AT HISTORICAL SCABS AND START LOOKING FORWARD.

WHETHER OR NOT THE GOVERNMENT OF ZIMBABWE CHOOSES TO ACT

ON THESE OPPORTUNITIES TO RE-ENGAGE THE DONORS STILL

REMAINS TO BE SEEN, BUT DIPLOMATS OF THE WORLD HAVE

MOBILIZED IN A BID TO STOP THE CLOCK FROM TOLLING

MIDNIGHT HERE. END COMMENT.

 

MCDONALD

 

CONFIDENTIAL

 

>

 

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Charles Rukuni
The Insider is a political and business bulletin about Zimbabwe, edited by Charles Rukuni. Founded in 1990, it was a printed 12-page subscription only newsletter until 2003 when Zimbabwe's hyper-inflation made it impossible to continue printing.

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