Is Zimbabwe planning to sell its airports and a major highway?


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Three major airports and a key highway may soon be in private hands, if an “asset recycling” proposal by Finance Minister Mthuli Ncube goes ahead.

Last week, Ncube more than doubled toll gate fees as part of a gamut of new taxes under his 2024 budget. The reasons for his controversial move may, at least in part, lie in his plans to cede key infrastructure to private players.

Last December, the government signed an agreement with Africa50, the infrastructure arm of the African Development Bank that is promoting the asset recycling model across Africa.

Under this model, a government builds infrastructure then leases it out or sells it to private players. The money raised is used to fund new infrastructure, easing the debt burden on the government.

According to the World Bank, which provides governments with guidelines on asset recycling: “Monetisable public assets can be toll roads, bridges, airports, transit systems, power generation and grids, warehouses, etc.”

The budget statement and the annual debt report say the government is in talks targeting the RGM International Airport, Victoria Falls Airport and Joshua M. Nkomo International Airport. The newly resurfaced Harare-Beitbridge road is also on the list.

“Government will also continue to engage the private sector for possible concessioning of some roads through structured finance, especially those generating sufficient cashflows and whose scale of work can be sufficiently funded through tolling,” Treasury says.

“In addition, Government is engaging Africa 50 to explore asset recycling of projects as a form of infrastructure financing mechanism. This will allow Government to channel fiscal resources to other high priority infrastructure projects, critical for sustainable economic development.”

Adds Treasury: “In addition, the refinancing of the Harare-Masvingo-Beitbridge Highway, will also be included in the asset recycling program, which has been identified as a low-hanging fruit, given that it is being funded from the fiscus.”

The RGM airport terminal is being upgraded under a US$153 million loan from China, which was approved by Parliament in 2018. The 20-year loan came with a 2% annual interest rate, 0.25% commission fees and a seven-year grace period.

The Beitbridge highway was funded from the budget, a financing model that government officials admit was unsustainable as it stoked inflation and struggled to pay contractors on time.

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Charles Rukuni
The Insider is a political and business bulletin about Zimbabwe, edited by Charles Rukuni. Founded in 1990, it was a printed 12-page subscription only newsletter until 2003 when Zimbabwe's hyper-inflation made it impossible to continue printing.

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