The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe at one time planned to lease Air Zimbabwe planes to raise scarce foreign currency. The plan was to be presented to the Ministry of Finance for vetting.
At the time, the national airline, which had been slated for privatisation, had lost 30 percent of capacity in two years.
Viewing cable 02HARARE2296, Zimbabwe Exporters May Bear Heavier Burden
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.
UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 HARARE 002296
STATE FOR AF/S
NSC FOR SENIOR AFRICA DIRECTOR JFRAZER
USDOC FOR 2037 DIEMOND
PASS USTR ROSA WHITAKER
TREASURY FOR ED BARBER AND C WILKINSON
USAID FOR MARJORIE COPSON
Â¶E. O. 12958: N/A
SUBJECT: Zimbabwe Exporters May Bear Heavier Burden
Sensitive but unclassified.
Â¶1. (U) Summary: Zimbabwe’s Reserve Bank will soon propose
measures that would further punish the country’s
exporters, increasing an indirect revenue tax from 37 to
47 percent. End Summary.
Â¶2. (SBU) The Embassy has acquired the Reserve Bank’s
Foreign Exchange Task Force report, the GoZ’s latest
attempt to address its foreign currency shortfall. We
understand the working paper will soon move to the
Finance Ministry for vetting. The paper advocates
stricter fiscal and monetary restraint, but its more
specific prescriptions are either counterproductive or
too meek to have an impact.
The indirect export tax
Â¶3. (SBU) The plan would raise from 40-to-50 percent the
portion of revenue subject to mandatory conversion at the
official rate. At present, exporters must exchange 40
percent of earnings at this rate, which is just one-
fifteenth of the parallel rate. The exchange requirement
amounts to a crippling 37 percent indirect tax on
revenue, not profit, in addition to Zimbabwe’s more
conventional taxes and royalties. For example, it means
Zimbabwean gold miners earn just US$ 175/ounce versus a
world price of US$ 318. Plagued by this comparative
disadvantage, exporters — the country’s traditional
forex earners — have already cut production to bare
bones. The new plan would raise this exchange rate “tax”
from 37 to 47 percent.
Â¶4. (SBU) In addition, the plan would:
– increase the exchange rate for imported luxuries from
300-400 percent, raising by one-third the value subject
to import duties. (Many Zimbabweans purchase cars while
in South Africa.)
– offer to sell Zimdollars to expatriate Zimbabweans as
well as Harare’s diplomatic missions at a 320:1 rate.
(The USG has been buying Zimdollars in the U.S. at
– restrict foreigners to fuel purchases at designated gas
stations. (Foreign truckers frequently enter Zimbabwe to
load up on heavily-subsidized fuel.)
– advocate a fuel conservation campaign. (The paper
suggests that “there might be a need to adjust tariffs.”)
– suspend non-essential foreign travel for GoZ and
– lease some of Air Zimbabwe’s planes. (The managing
director tells us that the airline, once slated for
privatization, has lost 30 percent of capacity since
– reduce Zimbabwe’s foreign missions.
– scale down GoZ shares in several parastatals (without
relinquishing a controlling interest).
Â¶5. (SBU) The proposal to raise the exchange requirement
indicates that the GoZ still believes it can print, tax
and expropriate its way to larger revenues. While
several other measures gingerly challenge official
policy, there are no bold recommendations for floating
exchange rates, dollarized accounts, unsubsidized fuel or
genuine privatizations. Saddled with steeper indirect
taxes, exporters will likely produce even less. The GoZ
ends up with a larger slice of a smaller pie and no
appreciable balance-of-payments or forex gains.
Â¶6. (SBU) This is reason for concern in a country whose
export and manufacturing sectors are crumbling. Since
the late-1990s, tobacco exports — once tops in the world
— may be down from US$ 400 to 105 million by next year;
gold mining falling 29 to just 14 tonnes; manufacturing
off 34 percent. In spite of this tumble, the Reserve
Bank paper suggests that statist solutions still dominate
GoZ thinking, probably dashing hopes that the 2003 budget
will bring relief to producers.